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How to Draw Faces in Pencil, Draw Faces With Pencil
Step 1. The following steps are the toddler twins. PLEASE TREAT EACH SQUARE AS ONE PICTURE. PICTURE ONE: Draw the outline very lightly. It is important to use your No. 2HB or plain No.2 pencil. Using a hard or very light pencil will cause groves in your paper that are not erasable. -----------------------PICTURE TWO: Simply draw this dividing line which makes it easier to draw the symmetrical features.
Step 2. PICTURE ONE: Now sketch in that strange banana or crescent shape. The first curve is for the outside of their heads. The second curve is for their hairline. -----------------------PICTURE TWO: Red Line 1.) Is for their eyebrows. Red Line 2.) Is for the eyes. Red Line 3.) Gives placement for the noses. Red Line 4.) Is for their mouths. Draw these lightly. You'll erase these lines later on
Step 3. PICTURE ONE: Sketch in the twins eyebrow placements, eyes, and ears. -----------------------PICTURE TWO: Draw in their iris, eyes and pupils (don't blacken them in). Sketch each of their nose, mouth, jaw line, and neck/shoulder placement.
Step 4. PICTURE ONE: Sketch in the remaining tufts of hair, round cheeks, clothes, etc. Keeping your guidelines, this is how the twins might appear. Congratulations, now you can erase them... carefully. Any lines you've missed, you can blend in as shadows if you want. -----------------------PICTURE TWO: This is how those precious children appear without the guidelines. Since you have gotten this far, if you feel you are finished then you can stop here. The next steps are pencil sketching, shading, and tone value exercises.
Step 5. PICTURE ONE: You can use light sketchy lines for shading as in the picture of this step or fine circular motions. I used a mechanical pencil 0.5mm (barrel size) and FINE lead (F) Also used a 0.7mm with 2HB lead. -------------------PICTURE TWO: This is great! Look at how the twins are forming into a realistic drawing! Once again, the tissue paper, blending stump, etc., works wonders. And if you have dark spots, dot them off with a kneaded rubber eraser. Currently, it does look a bit messy, But with more layers of details, your picture will look polished.
Step 6. PICTURE ONE: I added more shading, details, smoothed out smudges with a tissue and rub. You can add the background like in the picture. One thing, to keep your picture clean, have a piece of paper under your hand and over the half of your drawing. That will lessen oil and graphite smudging. -------------------PICTURE TWO: Did you notice anything pop out? I used acrylic paint to whiten the catch lights in their eyes. I also used some in the highlighted areas on hair strands. Also give some reflective lighting on the edges of their jawline. You can do stretches now or take a break. You have created a realistic portrait of the toddler twins. The next few steps are highlights and comparing a child's proportions to an adult.
Step 7. HIGHLIGHTS -- Click on the picture for highlight tips. And follow the red arrows to find highlights on the faces.
Step 8. DRAWING DIFFERENCES -- There are many differences between men, women, and children. A few are named here to remind us of our uniqueness while drawing.
Step 9. MODEL HEAD PROPORTIONS -- Click on this chart to see the scale. Children and adults are very different in head sizes. This helps to make your picture more accurate, especially when they are in the same picture.
Step 10. MODEL PROPORTION -- Notice how the child's torso, arms, and legs are rounded and lose this appearance as they age. If you make the child's face or body to appear more squared and muscular, though short, they will appears as small/little adults. Click on the picture to see the years, how many heads to their body, and how large the head is. This is not the rule, it is a model or an ideal scale. Now we can continue with the young man and woman drawing.
Step 11. The following steps are the young man and woman. PLEASE TREAT EACH SQUARE AS ONE PICTURE. PICTURE ONE: Draw in the ovals lightly. It is important to stay with the shape because they are not perfect ovals.-------------------PICTURE TWO: Draw with you pencil lightly the snake-like centering lines. They help keep the centering of the face, neck placement and torso.
Step 12. PICTURE ONE: The first oval has 3 red crescent lines. One represents back of head, 2nd is the back of the ear, 3rd is sideburns and hairline. The woman is back of head and hairline. -------------------PICTURE TWO: Draw in lightly these bowed guidelines on the face. This reminds me of a fencing mask, minus the mesh. Red line 1.) is the eyebrows. Red line 2.) Eyes. Red line 3.) Bottom of nose. Red line 4.) Middle of mouth. The curvature of the guidelines help with the perspective of the faces. Take your time in drawing these lines. They help so much getting your proportions and even likeness of a person.
Step 13. PICTURE ONE: Sketch in the eyebrows placements, eyes, and ears -------------------PICTURE TWO: Draw in the iris of their eyes and pupil (don't blacken them in). Sketch in the his nose and square chin. Remember to do her nose. Finish sketching mouths and neck/shoulder placements.
Step 14. PICTURE ONE: At this point, you can feather in the eyebrows, fluff their hair, adding hair strands. Give wrinkles in the cloths. This is how your guidelines might look without erasing. The next picture gives an idea of how your picture looks without guidelines. -------------------PICTURE TWO: Mark placements for you shading and reflective light. If you haven't already, erase the guidelines. Step back take a look, put the picture in the mirror to see if it's balanced. Now you're ready to go on with sketching, shading and blending.
Step 15. PICTURE ONE: Again use light sketchy lines for shading or fine circular motions. -------------------PICTURE TWO: Fantastic! Look at how the guy and gal are forming into a realistic drawing! Use the tissue paper, blending stump, etc. Currently, it does look a bit messy, But with more layers of details, you will have a really nice results.
Step 16. PICTURE ONE: I added more shading, details, smoothed out smudges with a tissue and rub. Add the background like in the picture. -------------------PICTURE TWO: Use acrylic paint to whiten the catch lights in their eyes, highlight areas on hair strands, and the woman's forehead and chin. Be proud artists because you have created a realistic portrait of the this gorgeous guy with the long lashes and the beautiful woman with long flowing hair. Don't go away. I've got some fabulous tips and tools for you to have.
Step 17. REFERENCE PHOTO - To do great faces, you need an excellent photo and pose. This picture is taken with the digital camera at home. Make sure you see on the photo reflections and the white in the subject’s eyes clearly. The photo should be taken without a flash, which washes out shading. You can also scan the photo onto your computer to enlarge and even change to black and white if needed.
Step 18. FRONT and SIDE VIEW! The face is divided into thirds. From hairline to eyebrows, eyebrows to nose tip, nose tip to chin. FRONT VIEW - The space between the eyes take up one eye. The mouth extends a bit further from the nose, and the outside corners of mouth line up near the iris of the eyes. And the hairline to top of head is one sixth. --------------------------- SIDE VIEW - The eyebrows and nose position are about the same. The ears are at the same level. The mouth extend a tiny bit further than the nostrils. The front and side view are at EYE LEVEL. Every individual is different. From this base, you can tweak your drawing to the likeness of the subject.
Step 19. Speaking of good lighting. Here are three common sources of lighting that helps bring out certain effects in a face. DRAMATIC is made by overhead light. This can be in midday sun or strong moonlight. MYSTERIOUS is made when the lighting comes upward or beneath the face like holding a candle or flashlight. You'll see this effect used a lot in graphic or noir novels. CONVENTIONAL is the most popular. It is made at a 45-degree angle light placed to the side, above the subject and slightly toward the foreground.
Step 20. OVERHAND: Holding a sharpened pencil in normal writing form with fingers in the middle or near the lead gives you great control and thin/detailed strokes. --------------------- UNDERHAND: Holding the pencil at a 45 degrees or near level to the table with end of pencil under your palm with pencil on the flat side, gives you large shading coverage. With the No.2 pencil, you have the exposed lead side to shade with. But for a wider swath, use that Cretacolor Monolith graphite pencil with no wood casing. The whole sharpened portion is all lead, like in the step's picture. Practice the toning values to help you with control.
Step 21. PENCIL STROKES & TONE, SHADING, TEXTURE -- For your convenience, I have inserted this step with different pencils, strokes to use. And you can study the shapes that make up this drawing universe, along with tone, shading, and texture.
Step 22. So you won't have to wonder where that toning value with other shapes is at. I've got it here for you as well. If you're serious about drawing more realistically. This is ideal. It looks hard and I thought it would be impossible for me to do. But it turned out to be fun and not so hard at all. Try it. The first picture consists of the outlines. The second picture is the desired result. Try it. Let me know how it turned out. Try it multiple times to get your hands used to great shading.
Step 23. Here is Nick (an actual commission of an ex-coworker) and Jenna Gilbert (character in The Vampire Diaries TV show). Here is a larger view of the picture for more details.
Step 24. Also we cannot forget about the cute toddler twins (an actual commission). Here is the final product with a closer look. I do apologize for the guidelines being paired off, but I wanted you to see them better. Let me know if this method was suitable. Not as many tutorials will be as consolidated as this one. I understand it is a lot. But I want you to have all the tools you need to produce artwork that you can be proud of. Practice... again, please practice. Well, I hope you've had a great time learning this tutorial. And to wrap this up... a good night to you all! Much luv and peace! YOU ROCK!
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June 14, 2011Artist: CatluckerDifficulty:
June 14, 2011P.O.V:
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Two toddlers, a young man with long lashes, and a lovely lady make up "How to Draw Faces in Pencil." If you have problems drawing children or even adult heads, then this is the tutorial for you. It is a little different this time. I've tried to cram a lot of good stuff to pass on to you. I have bundled two steps into one so I could cover everything. I also took the liberty to use some past artwork so you would not miss out on some important lessons on "How to Draw Faces in Pencil." If you want, you can either draw until you get a desirable outline, or continue to shading which gives a nice effect or venture on to blending with detail. Let me know if my tutorial has benefited you at all, even to take the fear of drawing away. I'd love to hear what you've got to say! Luv 'n Peace!