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How to Draw Seals
Step 1. Seals have barrel-shaped bodies and their limbs consist of short, wide, flat flippers. There are two different kinds of seals: Phocidae and Otariidae. Earless seals (Phocidae) have no external ears, short snouts and are more aquatically adapted than otariids. Instead, eared seals (Otariidae) are better adapted to terrestrial habitats, with rear flippers that can turn forward. Their fore flippers are larger than those of earless seals, they have small external ears and more dog-like snouts.
Step 2. In this tutorial we will focus on the head of a earless seal.
First of all draw the simple guide lines like the ones you see in the image. Remember to draw the guide lines on the face for the collocation of the eyes.
Step 3. Now, draw the large and circular eyes and the muzzle. To draw it, imagine two large circles on the sides of the muzzle.
Step 4. Draw the nose with the two nostrils, then draw the chin and, at last, a small hole for the ear (phocidae have not external ears).
Step 5. Draw the outline of the head. Seals have a thick layer of fat under their skin.
Step 6. Add some details to your drawing.
Step 7. Add many thick whiskers on the muzzle and some thinner above the eyes and your seal is finished! If you want to see how to add detail into the eyes, follow the following steps.
Step 8. Darken the area inside the eyes and also the nose. If you are working traditionally (not with the computer) you have to leave white and clean the part where you want to put the light (steps 10 and 11).
Step 9. Add a layer of darker color into the eyes to create depth.
Step 10. Create another layer and add a soft light.
Step 11. Add a small amount of bright light and the eyes are done, now your seal is ready to be colored!