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How to Draw Realistic Eyes, Sketch Eyes
Step 1. For starters, I want to say it is amazing how close the eye is to the camera or visa versa. From the artist point of view, it is important to know the parts of the eye to convey a more knowledgeable and realistic art piece. Take a look at the major parts of the eye (inside and out) by clicking on this picture.
Step 2. "The Position of the Eye in Its Socket" picture allows you to see the eyeball placement. Keeping this in mind is so helpful. Why? Always consider the round shape of the eyeball when you shade. That means the shading of the eyeball becomes darker as it curves away from the light source.
Step 3. Here is another example to show the importance of the eyeball in its socket. You need to know its form, how the shadow falls, and where the light hits. A) Shows the eye is cased in a socket... so it's sunken in the head. B) Shows the three main viewpoints of the eye. The diagonal lines give more accuracy as you draw the eye. C) Represents the round socket placement.
Step 4. TIPS! Click on this picture as a guide toward drawing the eye more realistically (this is not written in stone, but a help in generic cases, like front or 3/4 view). (1) Draw the outline of the eye at an angle... not straight. Do not hook the tear duct to the eye as in the example. (2) The iris is slightly covered by the upper eyelid. Do not draw the full circled iris inside the eye--your subject will carry a shocked expression. (3) There is always a fleshy pink membrane near the eye white (sclera). That is why the iris looks like it's floating on the membrane, not touching the tip of the lower lid. Do not draw the iris touching the lower lid. (4) The catch lights in the eye normally has one near the top and at the bottom. These are at a 180-degree angle. The top light is bigger than the lower one. ANOTHER TIP: The SCLERA isn't white within the eye. It's a light gray because of the eye is sunken in the socket. Also the top eyelid cause a shadow over the iris. And the catch light in the iris is never at the tip of the upper lid.
Step 5. Before we get on with drawing, I have more TIPS on drawing eyebrows. In the picture, you can see a right and wrong way to do these hairy brow features. FIRST: Eyebrows are arched due to the skull shape at the temple. So an easy way to get that appearance is putting a circle 3/4's at the end. Do not make a rainbow arch out of it. SECOND: Draw the eyebrow hairs away from the center of the face as if you're combing it. Do not zig zag your strokes up and down. THIRD: Men's eyebrows (as a norm) are larger and hairier than women. Still draw the hairs away from the nose. Do not draw the hairs towards the center of the face.
Step 6. This step offers a great exercise in drawing eyes at different viewpoints and directions. Lets start with the two long parallel lines. Also sketch in the shorter intersecting lines. There is no need to be perfect. Just get close to the angles and make sure there is enough space between them for your drawings.
Step 7. Now you can see how these intersecting lines play out. They represent the direction of the viewpoint. Sketch in the figures with a No. 2 pencil.
Step 8. Now shade in the pictures. You can blend with a stump to spread the graphite lightly. Any areas too dark, erase with a kneaded eraser or what you have available. You can see how the light hits the part that protrudes out the most. And the areas shaded are sunken in or beneath the brow or folds of skin. Practice drawing these different poses of viewpoints to familiarize you with shading or refresh your skills.
Step 9. EYELASH STROKES! Here's a little tip to help draw those lovely lashes. Yes, those pesky little lashes that look like spider legs are drawn a certain way and they taper (you can add thickness to the roots as you finish stroking them in). The picture to this step shows what direction to stroke. And you have the freedom to twist your paper any angle that makes your drawing easier.
Step 10. Try sketching these soulful expressions of the eyes. The red drawings in the center is a little sketch study of the eyeball and angles. TIP: believe it or not, the eyes are basically the same in all people. Everybody's eyes tend to be just about the same size. The apparent difference in sizes and shapes is due to the opening of the lids.
The eye lids, in turn, are shapped by the formation of the upper lids and the cushion of fat surrounding the eyes at the back. There are 2 factors that influence the distance of the eyes from one another: the position of the eye sockets in the skull, and the physical makeup of the eyes.
Step 11. Draw lightly these 4 lines with a No. 2 pencil. You can space them farther apart or draw them on separate paper.
Step 12. Now lightly draw the angled and intersecting lines representing the eye slant and viewpoint of the iris.
Step 13. Take your time to draw in the outline of the eyes, eyelashes and lids. If it is easier, you can always draw only one of the eyes (or however many) throughout these steps.
Step 14. You can draw in the irises, pupils, and tear ducts. Observe where these features appear in relation to the guidelines.
Step 15. When you sketch in the eyebrows, add those curved lines. Try staying close to the lines that represent the direction of the eyebrow. This will help as you shade it in.
Step 16. I made this line drawing especially for you if you don't want to do the pencil shading and blending part. Otherwise, let us continue to the pencil drawing part.
Step 17. The picture that goes with this step shows two different ways to hold your pencil to acquire certain effects. OVERHAND: Holding a sharpened pencil in normal writing form with fingers in the middle or near the lead gives you great control and thin/detailed strokes. UNDERHAND: Holding the pencil at a 45 degrees or near level to the table with end of pencil under your palm with pencil on the flat side, gives you large shading coverage. With the No.2 pencil, you have the exposed lead side to shade with. But for a wider swath, use that Cretacolor Monolith graphite pencil with no wood casing. The whole sharpened portion is all lead, like in the step's picture. Practice the toning values to help you with control.
Step 18. PENCIL STROKES & TONE, SHADING, TEXTURE -- For your convenience, I have inserted this step with different pencils, strokes to use. And you can study the shapes that make up this drawing universe, along with tone, shading, and texture.
Step 19. The picture here is a great exercise for value shading. I've got a little secret tip for you to make things easier. You can download this to your desktop. First click on the picture to have access to full size. By right clicking on your mouse, you can select "Save Image As." It should save to your desktop. After printing out a number of the template, practice shading in the values like this picture. You become familiar with this shading technique that gives you more control and confidence.
Step 20. This is where I start with the pastel application. If I were to do the whole picture in a pencil sketch,(sketching in small circles, lines or crosshatching to shade the areas, it would take hours upon hours to cover all that area with a pencil. I chose to shade with pastels. In a few strokes I've got area coverage. Applied light to medium gray to the face areas. The pupils and eyebrows were shaded in medium to dark gray. Looks like a mess, but that's how a some beginning projects will appear. Keep patience with you and keep applying those layers of whites, grays & blacks. You'll have a great outcome.
Step 21. Here I used my blending stump to "draw" in more lines, add more shading and details to the eyebrows. Added more dark gray and blended pencil strokes to define the shaded areas like beneath the eyebrow, eyelids, lashes, the irises and pupils better. I needed to whiten areas like the highlights on the eyelids, catch lights, and sclera. I did this with a kneaded eraser.
Step 22. Basically, I added more highlights with Opaque Watercolor to the catch lights in their eyes, some eyelashes. I also darkened shadowed areas.
Step 23. Now, To help out with specific areas of highlights, tone, texture, etc., the next two following steps will show you.
Step 24. Click on this picture to see how Tone, Shading, Texture, and Reflective Light affects realistic eyes. I am closing out now. But you all have been wonderful and it has been a great pleasure to do this tutorial with you. Please fav, comment, and show your love here. And I will definitely reply back soon or eventually. Love, peace, happiness, success, and more beautiful days to ya! *hug* *blowkiss*
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September 22, 2012Artist: CatluckerDifficulty:
September 22, 2012P.O.V:
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Eyes are so expressive, a giveaway to our emotions. Here is another techy tut that has hidden jewels for any beginner or advanced artist on "How to Draw Realistic Eyes." Fav this as a refresher, something for your studies or just plain fun. Well, let's get started! Please fav, show your love, and comment. Thank you all. Peace and love to you until next time!