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How to Draw Perspective, Single-Point Perspective
Step 1. Start out by picking your supplies. You can use just about any pencil for this but I chose to use a 6H pencil. As far as tools go use a T-Square to draw perpendicular lines, a compass to draw circles, and a ruler to draw lines.
Step 2. Let's start with the basics. Draw a straight line perpendicular with the side of your paper using a t square. This line will be your horizon. Add a point on your horizon line. This point is your vanishing point. All of your non-perpendicular lines will be drawn relative to this point.
Step 3. Before we move to basic forms, let's draw some basic shapes. Start by drawing a rectangle (square), circle, and triangle. All of our basic forms will be build from these shapes.
Step 4. Now lets create some planes out of our shapes. Start with a rectangular plane. project some lines from the vanishing point. draw a perpendicular line using a t square to form one side of your plane.
Step 5. Draw another perpendicular line between your previous one and the horizon line. This will be the other side of your plane.
Step 6. Connect your points to form your rectangular plane. Next, project some lines from the vanishing point for your circular plane.
Step 7. Next up sketch a square plane. Draw diagonal lines that intersect at its center.
Step 8. Sketch your circular plane within the square one. The center of the circle is at the intersection of the two diagonal orange lines. There are more exact ways of drawing circles using perspective but for now just sketch your plane. I will go over the more complex ways in a future tutorial.
Step 9. Now for the triangular plane. Draw three equally space points on a perpendicular line. Then project some lines from these points to the vanishing point.
Step 10. Place a point on the center line and projects lines to it from the other two points in order to form your triangle.
Step 11. Close up your triangle. That's an ultra basic introduction to perspective! Play around with the concept and try to turn more complex types of shapes into planes.
Step 12. Now let's build some forms! Remember that shapes are two dimensional and forms are 3 dimensional. Start with a horizon line and vanishing point again. Then form a rectangle using a T-square.
Step 13. Now project lines from the four corners of the rectangle to the vanishing point.
Step 14. Create a rectangular prism by drawing another rectangle behind the previous one. Make sure that the corners of this rectangle touch the the four lines being projected from the previous one. The closer the rectangle is to the vanishing point, the longer your form will appear. After you have closed up your form project three lines from the vanishing point for the next form, a pyramid.
Step 15. Create a a square plane and project a line down from its center.
Step 16. Now extend points from the corners of the plane to the end of the center line to form your pyramid. After that extend a new line from the vanishing point and create a circle at the other end of it using a compass. This will be one side of a cylinder.
Step 17. Project some lines from the sides of the circle to the vanishing point. Draw a perpendicular line across between the two previous lines. This with be the diameter of the cylinder's other end.
Step 18. Finish up your cylinder by drawing a circle. Make sure that your new circle's center is inline with the other circle. Connect the two circles to form a cylinder. Now add a line. Draw a perpendicular line up from the center of the previous line. These lines will be the basis for a cone.
Step 19. Create a square plane. This will be a guideline for the circular base of the cone.
Step 20. Form your cone by sketching a circular base then extending lines from the sides of the base to the tip of the perpendicular line. Again, this is just a basic intro to perspective. It only gets more complex from here. I encourage you to scour the internet for as many basic perspective tutorials as you can to gain more experience with the concept. I'll create a few more single-point perspective tutorials before moving on to multiple point perspective. Comments and questions are more than welcome!
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April 12, 2012Artist: FinalprodigyDifficulty:
April 12, 2012P.O.V:
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Perspective is one of the most important concepts that you can learn as an artist. Regardless of what your medium is (traditional or digital, 2D or 3D) perspective can be applied to your artwork. Hopefully you have already have a bit of education over this subject from geometry class if not take a geometry class if you ever get the chance! For now here is a basic introduction to perspective. Expect more to come!