Hi! Welcome to my tutorial on short hair. Im assuming you know how to draw heads and faces, so I wont be covering that here. Shown here are 3 types of hair. Thin, medium, and thick. When someone has short hair, how it sits is quite often decided by how thick their hair is. Of course theres also gel, hairspray and straighteners, but we're looking at natural hair.
Lets start with thin hair. First, draw out the basic head. Take note of how far back the skull comes, while this is important all the time, its especially important in short styles. Draw in the hair line lightly or dotted. This is a good guide.
Now, thin hair is very affected by gravity. Because theres usually no spring in thinner hair, theres no resistance. So find the parting (shown here with a blue X), and draw a line just away from the scalp. But only just, as this hair tends to sit against it. The over all direction of the strands of hair are shown by the blue arrows here. The blue hatching (lines) show where the hair sits away from the skull. It falls away at the base of the head because of its weight.
Now add in the bangs. You can have long bangs and still have it considered short hair, because of the back. In this instance, ive added a large cowlick (the parting at the front) to frame the face. While its thin, adding a bit more volume at the front like this can have a nice effect. So the front is a bit heavier than the back
Lets try the medium thickness. Draw the base head again.
Now here you can see the difference in how gravity affects a different type of hair. The hair generally spikes away from the head at the top, but shown by the arrows here, you can see that it eventually ends up going down like the thin hair. Also, see that the hair itself sits a bit further away from the scalp. this gives a feeling of volume.
Add in the fringe. Unlike our first one, i didnt add a heavier front, because the back is heavy enough. Instead, i actually made it a bit thinner, so it sat nicely as contrast to the back.
Now for the thicker hair. This hair is actually quite difficult, so dont worry if it takes a few tries to get it. This hair is sometimes referred to as 'hero hair', meaning alot of action manga/anime heros have this. It gives a boisterous feel. Its also very hard to get in real life, unless copious amounts of gel (or in some cases hair cement) is used. But since this isnt real life, lets say its natural.
Take a look at the direction of the hair. Gravity doesnt seem to affect it much. The locks of hair point away from the scalp, in no particular direction. While the other two had a general direction (down) this hairs direction is out. It sits further from the head in general, but the base of the spikes still stay somewhat close to the skull. once again the base of the head of hair is further away, but the hair still points up even though its at the bottom.
Now lets do some front spikes. Alot of people find this the hardest out of the hair elements, so it takes some real practice. Draw a jagged line where youve put the hairline guide. now each zigzag upwards is where a lock of hair starts (shown in red next to the head labeled H.L.). Pick a direction for this part of the hair to go in, random directions at the front tends to look messy. In this case, the middle of the 'fringe' is parted, and the hair goes in a curve towards the outside of the face. Thats all for now. Keep practicing these, and remember, dont worry if you cant get it straight away. Just keep at it.