First we'll start off with some basic head shapes. Here we'll show the differences between male, female as well as that of a child. First off, all heads start off with a circle then we add the shape of the chin and cheeks. See how the face shape of a female is smoother, all curves and soft angles. When we move onto the male, you can see the contrast. Males faces generally are rougher, harder angles and less curves, almost looking block like. Then there is the face of a child. It's round and full of curves and round corners. This is because a child's face is still holding alot of baby fat and their skeletal structure has yet to fully mature.
Now we'll take a look at different points to view the face at. We'll go from top to bottom, left to right. Our first view is profile or 1/2, and it would be as if we were looking at the person from their side. The eyes look more triangular and you can see the curve of the cheeks more. View two is also profile, but it's of a child. See how much rounder the cheeks are and the chin as well. The nose sticks up more from feeding from bottles or from being breast fed. Our third view is at 3/4. You can see most of the front of the face, however one of the ears is no longer in view. You can also see the ridge of the nose more than in the full front on look. In our fourth view, we're looking as if we were looking over the person's shoulder. This is 1/4. Very little of the face is visible, just the ear, a bit of the eyes and nose and maybe a little bit of the lips.
Now we'll look over the features of the face, starting from the top and working down. First up is the eyes. Eyes are one of the two most expressive features of the face. This is because there more more muscles around your eyes than in other parts of your body and you also have a lot of control over them. On the left I've provided several different realistic eyes showing different expressions at different angles and points of view. I've done the same on the right with anime/cartoon-like eyes.
Now for the noses. Again, like for the eyes, I've given you two sets of examples of noses, both realistic and cartoony. Noses come in all shapes and sizes, from small and round to long and pointy like that of a witch. Realistic noses have more detail while cartoon and anime noses are normally simple, consisting of only a few lines normally to suggest that there is indeed a nose there.
Now for the mouths. Like the eyes, the lips are also very expressive, and not just because you use them to talk to people and express your feelings. The many muscles that make up your cheeks allow you to control and manipulate your mouth into different shapes. Again on the left, I've given you examples of realistic mouths. See the details of the lips and how they are formed. You can see where the lips meet the cheeks and see how the top and bottom lip curve. On the left are more cartoon mouths. They normally are made of shapes and solid lines, sometimes even using just one angle to make an expression. See how in realistic mouth you can actually see the teeth, where as cartoon mouths, they really don't show the teeth often.
Now that we have the parts that make up the face, let's put them to work for us. We're going to draw two faces, one cartoon/anime and one realistic to use the tips we've got here. Like up top, we're going to start with a circle then make the shape of the cheeks and chin. Let's put that head on a neck as well so it's not just floating. We'll make a cross section to help us map out the face, dividing the face in half twice.
Next we'll map out where we want every thing on the face. See how the circles for the face on the left are bigger. This will be out anime face. The features will be a little exaggerated. On the left the features will seem smaller and quite a bit more defined.
Now we'll sketch out the details of the face and define them a little. Don't worry about fully drawing them out right now, that will come in the lineart step. The face of the left is rounder but still with some angles to it. The eyes are big and the mouth is simple. The nose isn't much more than a line. On the right we have alot more detail. The cheekbones are determined and defined as is the now and the brows. The lips are more detailed and you can see better where they connect to the cheeks.
Next we'll give them some hair. The hair on the left is more blocked off, cartoon like where as the hair of our other one is made up of a bunch of little lines going in similar directions. See how the hairs go at an angle down the sides of the face, making sideburns. We'll give him a little goatee too.
Now we can really lay on the details and define the faces more. We'll use a dark color and a finer brush and outline out details more, bringing more definition to the faces. Like in the sketch of the face, you can tell the differences between the cartoon look and the realistic one, finer details as apposed to exaggerated ones. And there you have it. I hope you enjoy and I wish you luck.
Here is a tutorial on "how to draw easy people". Here to help you understand simple face shapes and the features that make them a face. Tips for Eyes, Lips and Noses for both a more realistic look and a more cartoony feel.
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